An Aboriginal Nation is made up of a First Nation or a regional grouping of several First Nations whose members share a territory and a historical, cultural, juridical, legal and linguistic relationship.
Tract of land where a First Nation is established (reserved lands). The term "community" (a territory) is increasingly replacing the old term "reserve" and it is not synonymous with First Nation (a group of people).
First Nation
Group of Aboriginal people for whom portions of land have been set apart by the Crown. An Aboriginal individual must be recorded with the Indian Register to be recognized as a member of a First Nation (called an "Indian band" in the Act). Members of a First Nation can reside on reserved lands just as much as anywhere else in the world.
To be recognized as a member of a First Nation, an Aboriginal person must be registered with the Indian Register of the federal government, according to their membership to an "Indian band". Under the Indian Act, the Indian Register "only contains the names of those who have applied for registration and whose rights have been certified."
Participation in the Income Security Program
The Cree Hunters and Trappers Income Security Program grants a daily allowance for days spent in the bush while pursuing traditional activities of hunting, fishing or trapping or related activities. For a beneficiary unit to be eligible for the Program, the name of the head must appear on the list of the Local Committee, in accordance with harvesting traditions and the rules of the community. The Cree Hunters and Trappers Income Security Program is intended exclusively for the James Bay Crees who are beneficiaries of the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement, reside in Québec and are members of one of the ten Cree communities.